Diverse Types of Houses in Deserts
The structural engineering of houses in deserts can vary from other building designs. Homes in the desert need to keep the dwellers safe under compelling temperature changes. In a perfect world, the home can stay cool in the sultriest seasons and warm in the coldest months and still figure out how to share vitality utilization.
Straw Bale Houses
Straw bale houses are noted for their capacity to protect. Such houses are built with a post-and-bar framework for structure. Pressed straw bundles are utilized to fill the dividers. The longest dividers are presented to the sun, where their quality for protection is the best. Entryways and windows are surrounded with wood and wood items.
Windows and entryways are frequently situated to minimize warmth pickup. Outside spaces, for example, yards are shaded by a stretched-out rooftop and arranged to exploit most extreme shade. Straw parcel development can change in protection component relying upon thickness, and dividers are regularly as thick as 16 inches or more. The straw, utilized as a part of home development, does not require any extraordinary treatment, but it has to be kept dry.
Smashed Earth Houses
The innovation behind smashed earth homes is the same innovation that was utilized to construct the Great Wall of China, Pyramids in Mexico and old strongholds in Europe. Slammed earth is earth that is compacted in layers inside a structure. Like straw bale homes, slammed earth homes store the sun’s warmth in winter and shut out the warmth of summer. Dividers are normally somewhere around 18 and 24 inches thick and can be made with stucco or mortar, or left uncovered. Costs for development can vary, as can expenses for any custom home.
Adobe is a building material of the Native American Southwest that was customarily produced using straw and mud framed into blocks. The more contemporary adobe is made of earth and sand. Adobe homes frequently have a level rooftop. Like straw parcel houses and smashed earth houses, adobe houses protect against desert heat.
Different components regularly seen in adobe houses are water gushes or rooftop channels called “canales.” These can be decorative, or they can be utilitarian, redirecting precipitation water from the rooftop and directing it for greenhouse utilization. Another inside outline component frequently found in adobe homes is a low earthen seat incorporated with the divider called a “banco.” Instead of rooftop shades for shade, an adobe house may highlight a “ramada,” a shade shelter produced using branches bound together and roosted on a wooden casing.